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2020-04-01 02:44來源: 中國石化(hua)新聞網


據世界能源新聞倫敦報(bao)道,全球(qiu)金融市(shi)場數據及(ji)基礎設(she)施(shi)提(ti)供商Refinitiv近日發表的一份報(bao)告顯示,全球(qiu)碳市(shi)場的總價值在2019年增(zeng)加了34%,達到了1940億歐元(yuan)(2145億美元(yuan))。

計算(suan)顯示,去年全球(qiu)碳市(shi)場總價值連續第3年增(zeng)加,自2017年以來,全球(qiu)碳市(shi)場總價值增(zeng)加了近5倍。

Refinitiv在21日晚(wan)些時候發布的報(bao)告中說(shuo)︰“歐盟排放交易體系(xi)(EU ETS)創紀錄的強有(you)力(li)的價格是其(qi)價值增(zeng)加背後的主(zhu)要原因,該(gai)體系(xi)佔全球(qiu)交易量的近80%。”

Refinitiv表示,去年歐盟排放交易體系(xi)的平(ping)均碳價格略低于(yu)25.歐元(yuan)/噸,比2018年上漲了9歐元(yuan)/噸。

Refinitiv表示,價格上漲的主(zhu)要動力(li)是2019年1月開始生效的市(shi)場穩定(ding)儲備,保留了大量的配額並收緊了供應(ying)。

Refinitiv說(shuo),新的歐盟委員會(hui)的綠(lv)色協(xie)議提(ti)議以及(ji)重(zhong)新開啟2030年減排目標的討論也提(ti)供了支持。更高的碳價格使得(de)歐洲的天然氣發電廠(chang)比燃(ran)煤發電廠(chang)更有(you)競爭(zheng)力(li),並有(you)助于(yu)減少碳排放

李峻 編(bian)譯自 世界能源新聞

原文如下︰

Global carbon markets grow 34% in 2019, led by Europe: Refinitiv

The total value of the global carbon markets grew by 34% in 2019 to Eur194 billion ($214.5 billion), according to a report by financial analysis company Refinitiv.

Carbon markets around the world grew for a third consecutive year in 2019, and the value has grown almost fivefold since 2017, the calculation shows.

"Record strong prices in the European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), which makes up almost 80% of the global traded volume, was the main reason behind the growth in value," Refinitiv said in the report released late Wednesday.

The average carbon price in the EU ETS rose to just under Eur25.00/mt in 2019, up Eur9.00/mt compared with 2018, it said.

The main driver for the price increase was the Market Stability Reserve which came into effect in January 2019, withholding a significant volume of allowances and tightening the supply side, it said.

"The Green Deal proposals of the new European Commission, and talk of reopening the 2030 emissions reduction target, also lent support. Higher carbon prices made gas power plants more competitive against coal in Europe, and helped reduce emissions," Refinitiv said.
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